Depression symptoms in Hindi

Depression symptoms in Hindi

Depression Definition

Depression is classified as mood disorder. It may also be described as feelings of sadness, loss, or anger that interfere with a person’s everyday activities.

Although depression and grief share some features, depression is different from grief. Grief felt after losing a loved one or sadness felt after a traumatic life event. Depression usually involves self loathing or a loss of self esteem, while grief typically does not.

In grief, happy memories and positive emotions of the deceased typically accompany feelings of emotional pain. In major depressive disorder cases, the feelings of sadness are constant.

People usually experience depression in different ways. It can interfere with your daily work, resulting in lost time and lower productivity. It may also influence relationships and some chronic health conditions.

Depression symptoms in Hindi
Business people is stress with business problem

Conditions that can get worse due to depression include:

  • cardiovascular disease

It’s important to realize that feeling down at certain times is a normal part of life. Sad and upsetting events happen to everyone. But if you are feeling down or hopeless on a regular basis, you could be dealing with depression.

Depression is considered a serious medical condition that may get worse without proper treatment.

Symptoms of Depression 

Depression may be more than a constant state of sadness or feeling “blue.”

Major depression may cause a variety of symptoms. Some can affect your mood and others may affect your body. Symptoms may also be ongoing or may come and go.

General signs and symptoms of depression

Not everyone dealing with depression will experience the same symptoms. Symptoms can vary from person to person, how often they happen, and how long they last.

If you experience some of the following symptoms and signs of depression nearly every day for at least 2 weeks, you may be living with depression:

  • feeling anxious, sad, or “empty”
  • feeling annoyed, bothered, or angry
  • feeling worthless, hopeless, and pessimistic
  • decreased fatigue or energy 
  • crying a lot
  • loss of interest in hobbies and interests you once enjoyed
  • moving or talking slowly
  • difficulty in sleeping, oversleeping or early morning awakening
  • weight changes or appetite 
  • chronic physical pain with no clear cause that does not get better with treatment (headaches, aches or pains, digestive problems, cramps)
  • thoughts of suicide, death, self-harm, or suicide attempts

The symptoms of depression can be experienced differently among teens, children, males, females,, and.

Males may also experience symptoms related to their:

  • emotional well being, such as feeling empty, sad, or hopeless
  • behavior, such as loss of interest, no longer finding pleasure in activities, feeling tired easily, thoughts of suicide, drinking excessively, using drugs, or engaging in high-risk activities
  • Loss of sexual interest, such as reduced sexual desire or lack of sexual performance
  • cognitive abilities, such as inability to concentrate in work, difficulty completing tasks, or delayed responses during conversations
  • Change in sleeping patterns, such as insomnia, restless sleep, excessive sleepiness, or not sleeping through the night
  • Physically disorder, such as fatigue, pains, headache, or digestive problems

Females may experience symptoms related to their:

  • mood, such as irritability
  • cognitive abilities, such as excess thinking or talking more slowly
  • behavior, such as loss of interest in favourite activities, withdrawing from social engagements, or thoughts of suicide
  • sleep patterns, such as difficulty sleeping through the night, waking early morning, or sleeping too much

Children may experience symptoms related to their:

  • mood, such as crying, anger, rapid shifts in mood, or irritability
  • emotional unwell balance, such as feelings of incompetence (e.g., “I can’t do anything right”) or despair, crying, or intense sadness
  • behavior, such as getting trouble at school or refusing to go to school, avoiding friends or siblings, thoughts of death or suicide, or self-harm
  • cognitive abilities, such as difficulty in concentrating, decline in school performance, or changes in grade
  • physical well-being, such as loss of energy, digestive problems, changes in appetite, or weight loss or gain

Depression causes

There can be several possible causes of depression. They can range from circumstantial to biological .

Common causes may include:

  • Brain chemistry. There may be a chemical imbalance in parts of the brain that manage mood, thoughts, sleep, appetite, and behavior in people who have depression.
  • Hormone levels. Changes in female hormones such as estrogen and progesterone during different periods of time like during the menstrual cycle, postpartum period, perimenopause, or menopause may all raise a person’s risk for depression.
  • Family history. If you have a family history of depression or another mood disorder, you are at a higher risk for developing depression.
  • Early childhood trauma. Some events affect the way the your body reacts to fear and stressful situations.
  • Brain structure. There is a greater risk for depression if the frontal lobe of your brain is less active. However, scientists don’t know if this occurs before or after the onset of depressive symptoms.
  • Medical conditions. Certain conditions may depend on your medical conditions such as if you are sick, you will feel more miserable and depressed.
  • Substance use. A history of substance or alcohol misuse can affect your risk of depression.
  • Pain. People who feel emotional or chronic physical pain for long periods of time are significantly more likely to develop depression.

Risk factors for depression

Risk factors for depression can be biochemical, medical, social, genetic, or circumstantial. Common risk factors include:

  • Sex. The prevalence of major depression is twice as high in females as in males.
  • Genetics. You have an increased risk of depression if you have a family history of it.
  • Socioeconomic status. Socioeconomic status, including financial problems and perceived low social status, may increase your risk of depression.
  • Certain medications. Certain drugs such as corticosteroids, including some types of hormonal birth control, and beta-blockers may be associated with an increased risk of depression.
  • Vitamin D deficiency has linked depressive symptoms to low levels of vitamin D.
  • Substance misuse. About 21 percent of people who have a substance use disorder also experience depression.
  • Medical illnesses. Depression is associated with other chronic medical illnesses. People with heart disease are about twice as likely to have depression as people who don’t, while up to 1 in 4 people with cancer may also experience depression.

The causes of depression are often tied to other elements of your health.

Depression symptoms in Hindi

You may successfully manage symptoms with one form of treatment, or you may also find a combination of treatments that works best.

It’s common to combine lifestyle therapies and medical treatments, including the following:


Your healthcare professional may prescribe:

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

SSRIs are the most commonly prescribed antidepressant medications by doctors and tend to have few side effects. It treats depression by increasing the availability of the neurotransmitter serotonin in your brain.

People who are pregnant should talk to their healthcare professionals about the risks of taking SSRIs during pregnancy. You should also be caution while taking any medicine

Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)

SNRIs treat depression by increasing the amount of the norepinephrine  and neurotransmitters serotonin your brain.

SNRIs should not be taken with MAOIs. You should use caution if you have liver or narrow-angle glaucoma or kidney problems.

Tricyclic and tetracyclic antidepressants

Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and tetracyclic antidepressants (TECAs) treat depression by increasing the amount of the norepinephrine  and neurotransmitters serotonin in your brain.

Examples of tricyclic antidepressants include amitriptyline (Elavil), doxepin (Sinequan), imipramine (Tofranil), trimipramine (Surmontil), desipramine (Norpramin), nortriptyline (Pamelor, Aventyl), and protriptyline (Vivactil).

Atypical antidepressants

Noradrenaline and dopamine reuptake inhibitors (NDRIs)

These drugs can treat depression by increasing the levels of noradrenaline and dopamine and in your brain.

Examples of NDRIs include bupropion (Wellbutrin).

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)

MAOIs treat depression by increasing the levels of norepinephrine, serotonin, dopamine, and tyramine in your brain.

Due to side effects and safety concerns

MAOIs are not the first choice for treating mental health disorders. They are typically used only if other medications are unsuccessful at treating depression.

Patients can experience tiredness and dissociation (difficulty with attention, judgment, and thinking) after taking the medication. For this reason, esketamine is administered in a healthcare setting where a healthcare professional can monitor for sedation and dissociation.

Each type of medication that is used to treat depression has benefits and potential risks.


Speaking with a therapist can help you to learn skills to cope with negative feelings. You may also take benefit from family or group therapy sessions.

Psychotherapy, also known as “talk therapy,” is when a person speaks to the trained therapist to identify and learn to cope with the factors that contribute to their mental health condition, such as depression.

Psychotherapy is an effective treatment in improving symptoms in people with depression and other psychiatric disorders.

Psychotherapy is often used alongside pharmaceutical treatment. There are many different types of psychotherapy, and some people usually respond better to one type than another.

Alternative therapies

Ask your doctor about alternative therapies for depression. Some people choose to use alternative therapies alongside traditional psychotherapy and medication. Some examples include:

  • Meditation. Stress, anxiety, and anger are triggers of depression, but meditation can help change the way your brain responds to these emotions. 
  • Studies show that meditation practices can help improve symptoms of depression and lower your chances of a depression relapse.
  • Acupuncture. Acupuncture is a form of traditional Chinese medicine that can help to ease some symptoms of depression. During acupuncture, a practitioner uses needles to stimulate certain areas in your body in order to treat a range of conditions. 
  • Research suggests that acupuncture may help clinical treatments work better and may be as effective as counseling.

Natural remedies and lifestyle tips for Depression


Daily aim for 30 minutes of physical activity 3 to 5 days a week. Exercise can increase your body’s production of endorphins, which are hormones that improve your mood.

Avoid alcohol and substance use

Drinking alcohol or misusing substances can make you feel better for a little bit. But in the long run, these substances can make depression and anxiety symptoms worse.

Learn how to set limits

Feeling overwhelmed may worsen anxiety and depression symptoms. Setting boundaries in your professional and personal life can help you feel better.

Take care of yourself

You may also improve symptoms of depression by taking care of yourself. This includes getting a healthy diet, plenty of sleep, avoiding negative people, and participating in enjoyable activities.

Sometimes depression doesn’t respond to medication. Your healthcare professional may also recommend other treatment options if your symptoms don’t improve.

These options include electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) or repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to treat depression and improve your mood.


Several types of supplements may also have some positive effect on depression symptoms.

Depression test

There is not a single test to diagnose depression. But your healthcare provider can diagnosis based on your symptoms and a psychological evaluation.

In most cases, they’ll ask a series of questions about your:

  • thoughts
  • appetite
  • sleep pattern
  • activity level

Because depression can also be linked to other health problems, your healthcare professional may also conduct a physical examination and order blood work. Sometimes thyroid problems or a vitamin D deficiency may also trigger symptoms of depression.

It’s important not to ignore the symptoms of depression. If your mood doesn’t improve or gets worse, seek medical help. Depression is a serious mental health problem with the potential for complications.

If left untreated, complications can include:

  • weight gain or loss
  • physical pain
  • substance use disorder
  • panic attacks
  • relationship problems
  • social isolation
  • thoughts of suicide
  • self-harm


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